Welcome to Biomedicine & Prevention

Biomedicine & Prevention is a peer-reviewed, open access journal that publishes original research articles as well as review articles in several areas of the life sciences. The journal’s Editorial Board covers several subject areas mainly focusing on prevention and health promotion. Prevention is covered not as an exclusive health competence discipline but in a holistic way, including environmental sciences, engineering, physics, legal implications and legislation.

Updates in human and health sectors in Iraqi Kurdistan: a war-torn region

After decades of conflict, Iraq is in need of an epidemiological surveillance system to guide the development of appropriate public health interventions since, alongside the necessary early-response intervention, it is the only way to manage in the medium and long term the complex and open-ended social situations that affect population health.

Perceptions of Measles and vaccine Knowledge and Hesitancy among Health-care students in an Albanian University: results from a survey

University health-care students, at the beginning of their studies, did not consider measles as a serious disease and had misconceptions and hesitancy about measles’s vaccine safety and efficacy. It is necessary to improve professional training with the aim of making a real change in behaviors, which would enable HCWs to counter Hesitancy and to play an important role in the future of public health.

Local preventive interventions for smoking cessation improvement needed

This preliminary study aims to assess the efficacy and effectiveness of a free territorial service dedicated to smoking cessation in Italy. The medical records of these 86 subjects were then retrospectively reviewed, evaluating personal, clinical, tabaccological, psychological and motivational data to recognize among these possible predictive factors of treatment success. The analysis of these data showed that the female sex is most at risk of not reaching the status of former-smoker (OR 2.945 CI 95% 1.01 - 8.6, p 0.048) and the months of course attendance of the therapeutic course is the only positive predictor (OR 1.512 CI 95% 1.220 – 1.873, p 0.000). With multivariate analysis, gender lost significance while the months of course attendance of the therapeutic course remained significant (OR 1.802 CI 95% 1.199 – 2.706, p 0.005). More than 1 subject out of 4 (28.8%) quitted smoking during the first month. The percentage of subjects who stopped smoking remained elevated till the fourth month (24.2%), then progressively declined to 7.6% at the end of the protocol treatment (twelve months). By intend-to-treat evaluation, success rate reduced to 5.8%.

Anaemia and prolonged length of stay: a retrospective analysis of a 1-year cohort of inpatients.

Anaemia is a very common pathologic condition and is associated with frailty in the elderly and with development of multiple-comorbidities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of anaemia as an independent factor on inpatients length of stay (LOS) and mortality. Anaemia, particularly chronic anaemia, showed to be a strong independent predictor of prolonged LOS. Due to its chronic nature and its multi-factorial pathogenesis, it needs to be managed with a multi-dimensional approach, with structured paths connecting the hospitals to primary health care professionals at the outpatient level.

Frailty in Emergency Departments: a new challenge? A risk factor and an unsolved health demand marker

Frailty is a majorn concern in Publich Health. Frail elderly in ED represent a huge problem in terms of services organization, quality of life and outcome. Screening frailty in the ED represents one of the most important issue to recognize patients at major risk of adverse outcomes. Indeed, frail elderly in ED have a higher risk of hospitalization and all negative consequences related to it.