Welcome to Biomedicine & Prevention

Biomedicine & Prevention is a peer-reviewed, open access journal that publishes original research articles as well as review articles in several areas of the life sciences. The journal’s Editorial Board covers several subject areas mainly focusing on prevention and health promotion. Prevention is covered not as an exclusive health competence discipline but in a holistic way, including environmental sciences, engineering, physics, legal implications and legislation.

The continuing struggle against lung cancer epidemic. Focusing on early stage diagnosis, minimally invasive treatment strategies and effective prevention.

A summarized riview of epidemiologic data and the most recent advances on diagnosis and minimally invasive treatment methods of early stage on lung cancer are presented with emphasis on improved measures to be adopted to decrease cigarette smoking

Prevention in Transfusion Medicine

Blood transfusion is a life-saving therapeutic option but is also associated with significant risks or hazard. For this reason it is necessary to stress the importance of prevention of reaction of ABO major-incompatibility, adverse transfusion reactions and transmission of infective diseases by blood components. Recently many developed countries have promoted safe transfusion practices through hemovigilance programs by reporting of transfusion reactions. These programs aim to detect and analyze untoward effects of blood transfusion in order to correct the causes and prevent their recurrence.

Tuberculosis 2020

Tuberculosis (TB) still causes an out-sized burden of morbidity and mortality, remaining one of the human infections with the highest prevalence worldwide. This is calling for efficient measures of prevention and control, in particular for an efficient preventive vaccine and the rapid identification of subjects with active-TB capable to transmit the bacillus. However, the attempts to study new vaccines have been only partially successful or even completely unsuccessful. Similarly, current diagnostic tests are affected by a large number of limitations due to reduced or suboptimal sensitivity, time to results, or instrumental needs and costs. To identify novel vaccine targets and develop efficient diagnostic tools, research has to focus on the understanding the mutual interaction of the MTB and host studying the different infectioun stages. This approach can bring both to novel vaccine targets and biomarkers for the diagnosis and monitoring vaccine effectiveness.

Nursing Science and Prevention

In the middle of the 1900s, the concept of health changed deeply. In fact, while at the beginning of the last century, health was defined as the “absence of disease”, in 1946 the World Health Organization defined health as “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being”. Prevention plays a key role in improving well-being because it impedes diseases from affecting people or attempts to reduce the burden of disease.

Up to date on prevention in Occupational Medicine

The main change in Occupational Medicine is probably represented by the progressive transition from the focus on “Prevention of Disease” to the focus on “Promotion of Health”. In the light of the definition of health given by the World Health Organization as a “state of complete physical, mental and social well being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity”, and considering that people generally spend at work a large fraction of their lives, there is nowdays large consensus that workplace represents a privileged target for active interventions of health promotion. Smokers, overweigth and sedentary workers are the subgroups in whom most of interventions have been realized until now.

Biomedicine and Prevention: a Public Health perspective

The twentieth century has been characterized by virulent debates about the causal role of environmental vs. genetic determinants of diseases. At times, these diatribes turned more into ideological rather than scientific face-offs. However, today we are more aware that the large majority - if not all - disease processes, as well as human differences, are determined by both genetics and environment.